Francisco Goya

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Francisco Goya - A Spanish romantic painter and printmaker

The full name of Francisco Goya was Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes. He was considered the most popular Spanish artist who created romantic paintings. Francisco Goya was also a printmaker in the late 18th century, renowned for his drawings, paintings, and engraving, which reflected contemporary historical upheavals. He was born on the 30th of March in 1746 in Fuendetodos, Aragon, Spain. 

The early life of Francisco Goya

The famous romantic painter was born in a middle-class family and studied painting at the age of 14. After getting a painting lesson from José Luzán y Martinez, he moved to Madrid to get a painting lesson with Anton Raphael Mengs. In 1773, Francisco Goya got married to an artist Josefa Bayeu. They both had one son who survived into adulthood. 

In 1786, Francisco Goya became a court painter. He used to create and paint portraits of the Spanish aristocracy and royalty and pursued a great career. Still, in 1786, due to severe illness, he became deaf, and later his work became progressively darker. During his lifetime, he created many amazing drawings, paintings, and sculptures. At the age of eighty-two, Francisco Goya died in Bordeaux, France. He created a long-lasting successful impression in the mind of many new painters. 

Time under Charles IV

In 1788, a few months before the outbreak of the French Revolution, when Charles III died, the period of comparative prosperity and enlightenment came to an end. When the new king, Charles IV, came to power, Goya and his career matured. He became the court painter at once and the most successful and fashionable artist in Spain.

Popular artworks by Francisco Goya

Some of the popular works created by Francisco Goya are mentioned below:-

  • Charles IV of Spain and His Family (1800)
  • The Black Duchess (1797)
  • The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (c. 1797-99)
  • Yard with Lunatics, c. 1794

These artworks made by Francisco Goya were amazing and popular all over the globe. Still, you may find some of his paintings available in the popular art gallery.