Jan Van Eyck was a well-known Flemish painter during the period of the Northern Renaissance. The exact date and place of his birth are uncertain, but it is believed that he was born around the year 1390. He used oil and canvas to create works of great precision. Also, he made realistic paintings in contrast to the decorative and unreal Gothic style that stood out.
Van Eyck worked on two different farms during his life. First, he worked for Juan de Baviera, Count of Hainaut, and Holland, later for Felipe el Buenos, Duke of Burgundy. Also unusual was his habit of signing and dating his painting, which greatly simplified the identification of his work.
The Ghent Altarpiece made by Jan Van Eyck and his brother Hubert was one of the most remarkable paintings. In contrast to normal triptychs, the Ghent Altarpiece has four separate panels, is painted on both sides, and is called "Super Gibraltar" because it contains twenty unique pieces in different dimensions.
The centerpiece of this exhibition is a lamb standing in heaven with blood pouring out of its breast, symbolizing the Atonement of Christ, the Lamb of God, who now lives from the dead. This comes from the Apocalypse in which Saint John "saw a standing lamb as if killed between the throne (with the four living beings) and the elders.
Van Eyck always considered and gave respect to nature as a mirror of divine truth. On the surface, the paintings' religious symbolism reveals a strong understanding of the spiritual reality expressed in daily life. The "Arnolfini Wedding," full of religious symbolism, shows the sacramental character of the marriage covenant.
Jan Van Eyck had influenced art history by developing intense realism, landscape, and portrait painting in art and introducing the use of oil painting. He died in Bruges, Belgium, in 1441.