John Constable

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The Hay Wain, 1821

The Hay Wain, 1821

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John Constable - An English landscape painter

John Constable was a famous English landscape painter who was popularly known in the 19th century. This man is mostly known for his realistic paintings. John Constable was born on 11th June 1776 in Suffolk. He was the son of a prosperous miller who had completed his study in Dedham Grammar School. Later he worked for his father's business. In 1799, he visited the Royal Academy Schools.


Earlier age & struggle period of John Constable:

In 1816, he married Maria Bicknell, who fought with her father to marry John. She suffered from tuberculosis, so they both decided to live in north London. In the year of 1820s, they frequently visited Brighton for the health checkup of Maria. John believed that his paintings came directly from nature. He was a naturalistic painter who made hundreds of outdoor sketches, oil paintings, etc. In his pictures, he mostly focused on the changes in skies and the effects of light. Along with that, he frequently painted in Brighton and Hampstead, Salisbury, and other few places. 


Major works of John Constable:

The major works of John are The Hay Wain, Salisbury Cathedral from the Meadows, Flatford Mill, The Vale of Dedham, The Cornfield¸ Salisbury Cathedral from the Bishop's Grounds, Cenotaph to the Memory of Sir Joshua Reynolds, and Study of the Trunk of an Elm Tree. All of his works were sold at a huge price but soon, in the year 1828, the death of his wife Maria devastated him. Maria left seven children behind her.


He was known for achieving a lot of recognition in Britain in his lifetime. In his later years, he painted so many other artworks that received appreciation globally. At the end of the year 1837, on 31st March, Constable died in London. He was a great landscape painter who made so many masterpieces that are still on display in few museums.